Today I'm gonna talk more about How to Write Stand Up Comedy Jokes With Simple Material. Because a lot of you asked. And you guys asked for details. Today I'm gonna talk about the techniques of stand up comedy. Before you read this article, it would be better for you to know what is stand up comedy. If you have learned those, it would be easier to understand the techniques I'm about to tell you.
The first technique in stand up comedy is act out. Act out is basically acting out. It's when a comedian tries to act out a joke that he's delivering. Here's an example of my material. It's about when a guy cheats on a girl, and you can tell from his face. If a guy's cheating on you,
when you take his phone he'll go like this
You can tell straightaway! From that joke you can see that when I said his phone was taken. His expression changes into this face full of fear. So that joke heavily relies on. the way I act out the expression of a guy who had been caught cheating. Act out can be used to emphasize the punchline.
Like this following example. It's also hard to kiss. It's like climbing up a pole. As if the body was greased like this. And there's a bike at the top. Even without acting it out, the punchline is there. Verbally, it's there. But to emphasize it, I acted out the punchline. If you want to try an act out
You have to be 100% sure with it. Don't hesitate. Because I have seen some comedians. who were trying to act out. But I can see them hesitating from their eyes. It wasn't funny because they weren't sure. Possibly because the feeling of embarrassment, or not being confident enough. So if you do want to act out, be 100% sure with it. The next technique is one that I like to use as well.
It's called rule of three. Rule of three is a situation where a stand up comedian. Explains something three times in a row. The first time is normal, the second time is, too. The third time, however, is when he makes it funny. An example is this following scene. If the guy's a bit chubby, she'll say "My chubby baby, are you awake? "If he's skinny, then "Skinnyboo. . . "If he's dead, then "Dear deceased, have you awaken?"If you want to try rule of three.
It is actually a technique that is quite predictable. So, don't try to use it too often in one performance. Because when you use it again and again. the audience will be able to predict the end of your joke. This technique is one of the easiest one to write or to use. But that's also the reason why you shouldn't use it too often.
The audience will definitely be able to tell whenever you're gonna deliver the punchline. The next technique that is also often used is double punch. Or double punchline. Double punchline is a technique when a comedian tells a joke. The set up is clear, the punchline is there. But he goes straight into the next punchline. Here's an example of a double punch.
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So when I saw her. Her hair was messy and blonde, she didn't have any eyebrows. It was like Super Saiya 3!I was like, "Son Goku?!"She said "Kamehameha!"If you look closely at that example, you'll notice that it's not just a double punch but triple. There was more than two punchlines. I mentioned that. I met a girl who drew her eyebrows, dyed her hair blonde, amd when I went to her place to surprise her. She hadn't filled in her eyebrows, her hair was a mess, so I said.
That she was like Super Saiya 3. Then it's as if I asked "Son Goku?" and she hit me with a kamehameha. All three are jokes revolving around Super Saiya 3. And without a set up beforehand, we can actually achieve laughter after laughter. Double punchline is one of the hardest techniques to write.
In fact, in the video I just showed you. I just thought of the punchline when I was performing. So when I said Super Saiya 3, the audience laughed. Then I thought of how I could extend the punchline. Then I added Son Goku and the kamehameha part. So it was actually unplanned because it is actually quite hard to write double punchlines like that.
My advice is just for you to enjoy your performance. And while you're at it just try to think of ways of adding more punchlines to your joke. The next technique is hyperbole, which is basically exaggerating things. It is quite similar to act out because act out can sometimes be exaggerating, too.
Hyperbole is something that I use quite often in writing jokes because. I feel that it's quite easy to turn it into a joke. Here's an example. He looked at me, I looked at him. His veins in his neck are showing. He said this in one breath. "You moron!"Sometimes I make hyperbole from a setting. in which I also exaggerate the situation.
Like this one. You're at the mall and you see a pretty girl. you look at her, and then you get your head twisted back, "What are you looking at, huh?"My friend did that once and he had his neck snapped!The art of hyperbole is to exaggerate a joke or a scene. so that the audience think that if that scene was real, it would be hilarious.
Not all things can be exaggerated. and sometimes when delivering it, we need the expression as if the scene was real. The audience will laugh because they'd wonder how we could think of that joke that far. If you're using hyperbole but your expression is just as if you're telling a normal joke. Saying that it's funny, it wouldn't work.
Because it will seem that you're just kidding. Remember the first rule of stand up comedy. Don't try to be funny. You don't have to prove that you're funny. Now, this is also one of my favorites. It's called heckler handling. I'll explain in detail. Hecklers are those people who try to throw you off by saying some stuff about your joke. Those are hecklers.
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Sometimes when you're performing in a cafe, there's that one person who would yell out something. Resulting in you losing your concentration, or killing the mood. Handling is how we treat those hecklers. It does need experience to correctly handle someone who throws us off in the middle of our performance. What I like the most is when a heckler says something in the middle of our performance. And we turn his heckling into the part of the joke as an improvisation.
This is what I did. When I recorded the stand up videos for my channel. There was this one guy who replied to my joke. Check this out. That sort of deadly sour taste, you know? Yes, I have. I have tasted it. I've tasted it that one time I was on public transport, I said "Excuse me can I sniff your armpit? "This happened during my performance.
I mentioned how foul food tastes like the armpit of a bus driver. Someone, I don't know who and from where, then shouted "So you've tasted it? "Some people might be offended and the way they handle hecklers is by insulting the heckler. But I try to turn whatever the heckler said into a new joke. So when he asked if I had tasted it
I spontaneously started thinking. And said "Yes, I have," while being sarcastic. I also acted out the sniffing part. I guess that is the most fun way to handle a heckler. Turning what he said into a new joke. I became a part of the joke, too. The next stand up comedy technique is riffing. Riffing basically means improvising using the situation around us. However, in stand up comedy context, riffing is defined as interacting with the audience.
Specifically by insulting some of the audience. I did the riffing technique once. I was talking about single people and I saw this one man, sitting in the corner alone while smiling. So I tried riffing by calling out on him. Here's the example. Any single people here?Just pretend you're single. That man is raising his hand. "I'm single. ""I've been single for three lives. ""I died, reincarnated, died again. Still single.
"A good way of riffing is to not be too harsh, do not be racist. And try not to insult anything the person cannot change. For example his physique, or whatever disability he might have. Try relating it to the concept that person brings. Like what I did. The man was old, alone, and
sitting in the middle of young people. That's what I brought up. Usually for stand up beginners. Sometimes the audience would refuse to be the object of a harsh joke, resulting in fighting. So, don't be too harsh on the jokes.
Maybe for some other stand up comedians who are well known, their audience would be happy to be joked about. So, that's what you should consider if you want to include riffing in your performance. One thing about riffing is that it's almost always done on the spot. It's not prepared. However, I do know some guys who prepare riffing. For example if the audience says this, he'll turn it into this joke. And that's fine by me.
This is also a favorite of mine. It's called call back. Call back basically means. to call back a joke. This is used when a comedian calls back his punchline he previously used, for a different set up and a different joke. Sometimes well-established stand up comedians in Indonesia
execute this technique very neatly. An example of a call back would be like this. I started hating on her, too. You lowlife!\This must be the outfit she wore yesterday!I called back the joke about this group of friends. who gossiped about Sandra while she was away.
They said she was poor. And when Sandra arrived, it was me who ended up calling her a lowlife. So what I mentioned about what her friends said before, I called back for a different joke. This is another fun part of stand up. As I was about to close the story about Sandra. I was saying "it would be bad if Sandra was watching", and then it just came to my mind. what if I called back that lowlife part?
Then the closing ended up being much better than what I have prepared. If you're watching, then You Lowlife! You're poor! You ask for data plans from your husband!!!If you want to use the call back, make sure that the first punchline is good. If your punchline is already good, it would be funnier when you call it back. If it's not, and you call it back. it would fail.
It wouldn't work. It is very important to write a material that is really good and once you're sure of it, you call it back. This is the last technique from me. It's called one liner. One liner is a joke that lasts for only one to three sentences. The true one liner is if it's only one sentence. This is also my favorite because it is quick to pick up laughter, and it's quite challenging to write. I used a one liner once in my performance.
Like this. In groups of high school friends, usually one of them is the queen bee. While the others are the servants behind her. To write a good one-liner, we need to develop a set up and punchline that is quite simple.
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And if you can, get rid of some words to make it into just one sentence. I guess that's all for the stand up techniques. You can try applying these techniques to your own stand up materials. I'm sure there are plenty of other techniques that I haven't included in this video. Honestly, this is all I can remember. If you're wondering if I prepared all these techniques while I'm writing my materials. the answer is no.
Because for those who have been doing stand up comedy for a while. these techniques just flow into their minds while writing the materials. But for beginners, it would be nice if you try it out. For example, you want to try a one liner performance for 5 minutes.
You can also try acting out for 5 minutes, for example. It would be ideal for you to try out these techniques. and you apply it to your performances. so that you can be a stand up comedian who understands and is able to use these techniques correctly. (source : raditya dika channel)